Kazakhstan 8

The Instrumental Tradition Shertpe
Тulegen Mombekov, Маgauya Khamzin, Abiken Khasenov
Тлеген Момбеков, Маауия Хамзин, бікен Хасенов
Asyl Mura
Tulegen Mombekov
1. Каra Zhorga Bapysh
2. Каrkarau Bapysh
3. Аsu T. Mombekov
4. Еl Zhana T. Mombekov
5. Каt Kabat T. Mombekov
6. Sary Аrka Sapary T. Mombekov
7. Bes Zhorga (1) Sugur
8. Теl Konyr Sugur
9. Shalkyma Sugur
Mаgauya Khamzin
10. Коnyr Kaz Аshimtai
11. Dairabai Dairabai
12. Bes Tore Tattimbet
13. Bylkyldak Tattimbet
14. Коsbasar (1st version) Tattimbet
15. Коsbasar (2nd version) Tattimbet
16. Kokeikesti Tattimbet
17. Sary Zhailau Tattimbet
18. Zhailau M. Khamzin
Abiken Khasenov
19. Balbraun Folk Kyui
20. Lyailim Zhayau Musa
21. Аzamat Kozha Tattimbet
22. Bes Tore Tattimbet
23. Коsbasar (1st version) Tattimbet
24. Коsbasar (2nd version) Tattimbet
25. Коsbasar (2nd version) Tattimbet
26. Sary Zhailau Tattimbet
27. Sylkyldak Tattimbet
28. Коnyr
The disc represents the wonderful pieces of Kazakh instrumental musical tradition shertpe in the performance of such outstanding folk musicians as Тulegen Mombekov (1922-1996), Маgauya Khamzin (1927-2000) and Аbiken Khasenov (1897-1958).
The instrumental tradition shertpe is the ancient musical tradition widely spread throughout the territory of the Republic (except for the west of Kazakhstan, where the tradition tokpe prevails). The people name as shertpe several various archaic and highly developed original styles of dombra music. Кyuis-shertpe mainly are lyrical. Often, philosophical or contemplative beginnings are shown in them. A widely known and authoritative tradition is arka (Sary-Arka, Central Kazakhstan) in the center of which is the art of the ingenious Tattimbet (1815-1862). In the twentieth century the successors of this school were such remarkable musicians as Аbiken Khasenov and Маgauya Khamzin.
The shertpe tradition of Karatau (the south of Kazakhstan) is of later origin. It was influenced by the school of Arka shertpe with which it borders. Besides, it is felt the influence of kobyz music in this tradition and some features of another dombra style - tokpe. In the tradition of Karatau shertpe almost the mythical figure of the great musician Sugur (1882-1961) towers over the others. One of the famous followers of Sugur is Tulegen Mombekov, the musician who made much for popularization of Sugur's creative art.
Tulegen Mombekov was born in the Suzak region of Shymkent oblast, in the state farm "Syzgan". His granduncle Bapysh was a well-known musician. Tulegen's grandfather, Nazar, was the zhyrau-storyteller, his father Mombek also played dombra. Though the founder of tradition of Karatau shertpe is considered Sugur, there were also other fine musicians. Among them was Tulegen Mombekov, the author of over forty wonderful kyuis. Many times he was invited to the capital to perform at the concerts, record kyuis and to participate in TV and radio broadcastings. Тulegen Mombekov is the veteran of the Great Patriotic War. In 1971, he was awarded the title of the Honored Art Figure of the Kazakh SSR.
Mаgauya Khamzin was born in the Aktogai region of Dzhezkazgan oblast. His father Khamza and grandfather Ashimtai were famous musicians. Маgauya started to act as a performer of kyuis-shertpe when he was ten years old. In the course of time he has developed his own original performing manner in which virtuosity prevailed. As compared with A. Khasenov and T. Mombekov, to play dombra was his main profession. For a long time Magauya Khamzin was a soloist of Kazakhconcert. He started to work as a dombra player at the Karaganda Philarmonic Society. Then he performed in the Orchestra of Folk Musical Instruments named after Kurmangazy and at the Palace of Culture of Metallurgists in Balkhash. Маgauya Khamzin showed himself also as the author of several interesting kyuis. In 1998, during the jubilee events devoted to the 175th anniversary of Kurmangazy, Маgauya Khamzin, together with the dombra player of tokpe tradition Rysbai Gabdiyev, was awarded a honorable prize "For the outstanding contribution to traditional musical art" at the International Festival of Traditional Music of Turkic Nations "Kurmangazy and the Music of Great Steppe".
Abiken Khasenov was born in the Shet region of Karaganda oblast. He grew up in the traditional musical environment where many considered as experts at kyuis. The first teacher of the musician became his own uncle Makash, the elder brother of his father. Such names of dombra players as Baubek, Kyzdarbek, Abdi, Аkmolda and Itayak were well-known and respected. In 1934, Аbiken, on the recommendation of the outstanding Kazakh poet and writer Saken Seifullin was invited to perform at the Kazakh Drama Theatre in which he worked up to the end of his days. Abiken produced a number of remarkable theatrical images of national batyrs and biys. His artistic activity was marked by high awards - the Order of Honor and the title of the "Honored Artist of the Kazakh SSR". But the most important part of Abiken's life was connected certainly with the instrumental tradition shertpe, the brightest representative of which he was. The Kazakh artistic, literary and scientific intelligentsia of that time liked to listen to the exciting and heartfelt sounds of his dombra. Fortunately, during Abiken Khasanov's life the gramophone records were made into which some kyuis by Tattimbet, Abdi, as well as his own kyuis ("Коnyr") and transpositions of songs were included.

1 comment:

Anonymous said...

I really like your blog. I would like to ask you to re-upload the links to the Kazakhstan 1-11 records? Thank you!