Genoese Songs

La Squadra
Chansons génoises



01 - Introduction - 01:34
02 - Quartu au maa - 03:06
03 - Notte a bocadasse - 03:44
04 - Maa de zena - 03:40
05 - Strasetti d'arba - 04:07
06 - Zena a perla du maa - 04:16
07 - Ave Maria - 03:46
08 - Fuxe de zena - 03:47
09 - Tre caravelle - 04:17
10 - Serenata a sturla - 02:38
11 - Serenata a trasta - 03:33
12 - Madonnin-a-di pesoei - 05:23
13 - All'alba - 02:52
14 - Il rumesciu - 02:32


Francesco Tanda (conductor), Aldo Giaccon (tenor), Sergio Bruzzone (baritone), Claudio Valente (contralto), Enrico Tardito (bass vocals), Rinaldo Barbleri (bass vocals), Eros Cassoti (bass vocals), Giovanni Nocetti (bass vocals), Giovanni Bruzzone (bass vocals), Elio Maggiolo (guitar)



Genoese Songs

The great seaport on the Ligurian coast, Genoa has a tavern song tradition called trallalero, a polyphonic vocal style, possibly related to the nearby Sardinian and Corsican varieties, involving a complicated counterpoint by five male voices. The sound of trallalero is one of the most ornate and haunting in the Mediterranean.

La Squadra (compagnia Del Trallalero)

The tradition of polyvocal singing was born at the turn of the century, when urbanization drew rural populations like a magnet to work in the factories of the major cities. From one generation to the next, the heritage was refined and encoded into a sort of classicism.

The Genoese docks were the birthplace of trallalero, a polyphonic vocal style with five voices, one of which imitates a guitar. It arose in the 1920s and includes modern groups like La Squadra -- Compagnia del Trallalero and Laura Parodi...

Trallalero is a kind of polyphonic folk music from the Ligurian region of Genoa, in northern Italy. It is traditionally performed by men, though there are some female performers in the modern era. The name derives from the monosyllabic vocables (non-lexical vocalizations), tra-la-la.

In the 1950s, American musicologist Alan Lomax and Diego Carpitella recorded trallalero. Lomax later claimed he was blown away, and called it the most significant work in his long and storied career. Edward Neill worked to revitalize the tradition in the middle of the 20th century.

Trallalero groups consist of tenor, baritone and bass parts, accompanied by a contralto and a singer whose voice imitates a guitar (chitarra). Nine singers are considered a normal line-up: one each of chitarra, tenor, contralto, baritone and five basses.

Group harmony in Liguria is historically associated with mountain villages, where two voices (usually a tenor and a baritone) sung over accompaniment by bass or drone. A repertoire of traditional songs evolved over time, and the style moved to the docks of Genoa, a noted port city. There, metal-workers, longshoremen and stevedores sang trallalero, with the practice peaking in the first three decades of the 20th century. Some trallalero groups are still existing in Genoa and Liguria.

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