100 gaidas ; )

Bulgaria: Gaida Orchestra
Bagpipe Music from the Rhodope


01. Rodopi Gaida Suita (Large Ensemble)   
02. Kapa Gaida Duo Contest   
03. Shirokalaka Gaida Suita (Veteran Ensemble)   
04. Rodopi Posadnitsa (Gaida Solo)   
05. Dospat Gaida Suita (Veteran Ensemble)   
06. Ovnyolyo Vakal Ramatan   
07. Rodopi Gaida Suita (Veteran Ensemble)   
08. Rodopi Suita (Gaida Solo)   
09. Rodopi Suita (Gaida Duet)   
10. Grashikovo Gaida Suita (Large Ensemble)   
11. Chereshko Chorna Vishnichko   
12. Rodopi Gaida Suita (Young Ensemble)   
13. Ovcheri Moi, Ovcheri   
14. Dospat Gaida Suita (Young Ensemble)
This CD is a collection of one specific type of gaida music, that of the kaba (low) ga-ida from the Rhodope mountains in Western Bulgaria. Tuned lower than its smaller brother the Thracian gaida which if often used to accompany dancing, the kaba gaida is occasionally featured in mass unison ensemble playing ( the so-called sto gaidi, or 100 gaidas-though no more than 18 kaba gaidas are heard performing in ensemble on this recording) or used as a single instrument in accompanying singers.

The fourteen tracks on this CD were recorded for Japanese JVC by members of youth and a "veteran"' ensembles from villages in the region around Smolyen in the Rhodopes. Presented are examples of the various performance forms in which kaba gaida is found, the solo (two examples), duo (two examples), solo accompaniment of a singer (three examples) and mass performance (seven examples). One tune is presented by both the youth and veteran ensembles.

Lynn Maners

Rhodope Mountains


The GAIDA (bagpipe) has two sounding parts: the Gaidounitsa and the drone. The Gaidunitsa is the most important part of the Gaida on which the performer plays the tune, and the drone accompanies the melody with a constant buzzing sound. There are two main types of Gaidas in Bulgaria: lower (“kaba”) and high (”djura”). The low (“kaba”) Gaida is spread in the Rhodope Moutain Region and the remaining types in the remaining parts of the country.

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